After a long bustle, a bonfire finally burns on a hunting camp. Rejuvenated, wet fans of forest cosiness rejoice, reddened hands are drawn to the fire. It would seem that there is a fire, and now all the worries are behind. But this does not happen not only in life in general, but even in the forest, where a person strives precisely in order to forget about all matters, problems, troubles.
First, the bonfire needs to be constantly or at least periodically monitored. I will not be a pedant, I will not repeat what troubles a street bonfire can do. It’s enough that it will simply go out, and again in the rain or in the snow you have to repeat the whole long process of kindling it.
Secondly, care must be taken to ensure that the bonfire does not just smolder, smoke, throw out exorbitant flames, but gives a flame for heating, drying, boiling water or accumulates the coals needed to fry the extracted meat over them.
Do not forget in the age of electricity that the bonfire was not the last source of light for a traveler who, from the time of the cave ancestors, had an atavistic sense of horror in the dark.
The great power of the fire, as a light source, was noticed by our classics. It is impossible not to give a few quotes from Turgenev, Chekhov, Bunin.
“… Near the fires, a round, reddish reflection trembled and seemed to stop, resting in the darkness; flames, flashing, occasionally threw quick reflections beyond the line of that circle; the thin tongue of light licks the bare twigs of the vine and disappears at once; sharp long shadows bursting for a moment, in turn, reached the very lights: the darkness fought with the light … ”
“Around midnight, the drivers and Yegorushka again sat around a small fire. The weeds flared up … The light from the fire lay on the ground with a large blinking spot; although the moon was shining, behind the red spot everything seemed impenetrably black … ”
“The bonfire burned brightly, and the closer I approached him, the brighter the flame separated from the darkness hanging over him. And soon it became possible to distinguish between the pillar itself, illuminated from below, and the black figures of people sitting on the ground. It seemed that they were sitting in some gloomy dungeon and that the dark arches of this dungeon were trembling from the intertwining flames … ”
Of course, people warmed themselves by the fire and cooked kulesh or “potatoes” for dinner at these bonfires, but at the same time they rejoiced in their life-giving light.
For the bonfire to be full, it is required to return to the very beginning. Before you get a spark and light a kindling, you have to lay firewood according to certain rules. Only then will they be well engaged in fire and will burn as dreamed. In manuals for beginner hunters, fishers and tourists, the main types of bonfires are usually given. True, most often the call of experienced people remains a voice crying in the desert. Beginners listen to it a little and start to pile fuel on the fire as you like. However, sometimes experienced people do the same.
Here is how V. Arsenyev wrote: “At night, the Cossacks laid a big fire. What a Russian does not like a big fire in the forest! Warm, light, fun! Bright flames soared high. Hot air frayed tree branches and plucked dried leaves. They whirled, flashed and, caught in a hot whirlwind, quickly disappeared into the darkness … Watching how our people threw more and more armfuls of brushwood into the fire, the orcs shook their heads and expressed their pleasure out loud … ”
Nowadays, it is not always and not everywhere that you can afford such a flame that is unsafe for the surrounding forest. Yes, it is not needed for people who have not passed dozens of miles, not wet in the rain, not freezing in a snowstorm.
It seems that an ordinary bonfire will only work out, like any business, when one person will be responsible for it and it will be he who will work near him. You can’t make an exemplary bonfire without an ax, even if the best dead woods are brought into the parking lot. It will be possible to call them firewood only after they turn into lumps or logs of an acceptable size. Alas, one often has to be content with a wide variety of trunks, trunks, branches, which are not always amenable to an ax, but which, in the final analysis, are “cut and leveled” by the fire. But in such situations, it’s better to work with an ax than to toss and turn, scattering around the coals, humpback driftwood so that it burns out faster in the middle – then the two remaining pieces can be burned on.
I will not dwell on the types of bonfires that have long been tested by hunters. About the “hut”, “well” or “log house”, “taiga”, “Polynesian”, the famous “Nodya”, “star”, “fireplace” can be read in any manual for a novice hunter.
“Nodya” is glorified because, as the famous writer and hunter A. Buylov wrote about it in the book “Tigrolovs”: “Only the Siberian node, or, as it is affectionately called,” Nadyusha “, can really warm the hunter during the winter cold and give him the opportunity to sleep relatively well and relax. ”