The skin of the fox is removed by the tube, hanging the carcass by one of the hind legs. From the cushion of the free hind paw to the anus, the sharp end of the knife blade makes an incision along the rump. The same incision is made on the other hind paw, having previously released it and hanging the carcass by the other paw. On the inner basal side of the tail, they cut along the skin for 15-20 cm, cut the skin around the anus and begin to separate the skin tissue from the muscles.
It is more convenient to start shooting the skin from the hock of the hock joint, gradually freeing the entire limb from the skin. To avoid accidental cuts in the skin tissue, peel the skin off the muscles with your fingers or the handle of a knife. The knife blade is used only when cutting connective tissues and tendons, as well as when separating the skin from the toes. Together with the phalanges, claws are left on the skin. In this case, the skin of the paw is turned in the form of a cam, and in this form it must be left at all subsequent stages of the primary processing. This contributes to better drying of the skin tissue of the paw pads, protects the hunter’s hands from scratches and protects the skin of the skin from damage. Similarly, remove the skin from the other hind legs. After the skin has been removed from both hind limbs, it is advisable to hang the carcass behind them at the level of the worker’s chest, capturing the hock joints of the paws with a twine loop or inserting a spacer into the incisions of the tendons of the hock joints.
Separating the skin of the tail from the basal part of the shaft and capturing it with the right hand, the tail shaft is pulled with the left hand. After that, sometimes they start shooting the skin from the front legs, but it is better to start this operation after the chest and shoulder parts of the carcass are released from the skin. The skin to the shoulder blades is usually removed without a knife. Having pulled the skin from the shoulder joint of one of the forepaws, carefully continue to turn it to the very last phalanges of the fingers. The skin is completely separated from the paw, cutting the last joints. The skin removed from the limb has the appearance of a stocking with a cam at the end. A longitudinal section of this stocking from the elbow joint to the heel pad is made after degreasing the skins. This sequence of operations protects the hair of the front paws from excessive pollution during further skinning and degreasing.
Having liberated both forelimbs, remove the skin from the neck and occipital part of the head. The fingers release the base of the cartilage of the auricles and cut them at about 1 cm from the surface of the skull. The skin is removed from the animal’s head using a knife. When shooting, you need to be careful, since the skin with the skull is firmly connected and large blood vessels are located close to the skin. With inattentive work, you can cut the skin and cut the vessels, while there is profuse bleeding, contaminated with blood, the skin and hair. Most often, vessels are cut when the skin of the eyelids around the eyes or the skin of the lips near the corners of the mouth is separated. With a cut and bleeding, a rag is placed on the cut vessel, pressed with a finger, or the blood is stopped in another way.
Skinning ends by cutting off the tip of the muzzle from the nasal cartilage. All sections of the muzzle (lips, nose, ears), as well as limbs and other parts of the skin, must be preserved when shooting. If part of the skin is torn off or a cut or rupture of the fabric has formed, you must immediately sew on this part or sew up the resulting hole.
On the removed skin, the cartilage of the auricles is removed, while maintaining the inner and outer skin of the ears. The abandonment of cartilage in the ears, bones in the paws and vertebrae in the tail is unacceptable, since the mezra does not dry out in this place, it warms up, which leads to hair loss and the formation of bald patches. The cuts of muscles, tendons, the remains of connective tissue and subcutaneous muscles are removed from the skin.
Subcutaneous fat is removed with a knife, a scythe, a metal spoon, pointed from the edges, or other devices. This work is performed on a cone-shaped wooden blank or a smoothly planed board. The general direction of movement of the tool when removing fat is from the rump to the head and from the ridge through the sides to the midline of the belly. To avoid rupture of the mazra and the formation of a draft, they are especially careful to remove fat in areas of the skin with a thin rind (groin, stomach, sides) and areas with age spots where hair growth is not yet complete and the bulbs are deep. If small areas of hair or hair are heavily contaminated with blood or grease and cannot be cleaned by conventional methods, it is recommended to moisten these places several times with a weak solution of Lotus-type washing powder, alternating this operation with rinsing with clean warm (23-35 ° C) water. Having finished degreasing and cleaning the paired skin, cut the tail tube on the inside to the very end, as well as the tubes of the front paws from the elbow joint to the heel pad.
To dry the skins, use a wedge-shaped rule, on which they put the skin with the mazra outward. At the same time, they make sure that the skin on the rule is located symmetrically, without distortions.