Famous collections of hunting trophies of the world
The collection collections of trophy hunting animals almost always amaze with the scope of the exhibits presented, the design is sustained in the style of that era or country when it was formed and, of course, by the tastes of the owner, who necessarily share all the fame and praise as a miner and keeper of magnificent hunting trophies .
History knows a lot of examples when hunting collections passed along the hereditary line and in this case an enviable fate was destined for them, but there are also no less examples where, due to various (other) passions of potential heirs, the meetings of one person were limited only to the name of their creator and further fate sometimes priceless exhibits faced a difficult choice.
Historical chronicles in this case allow us to appreciate the magnitude and uniqueness of some collectible collections of hunting trophies, and I think we will be happy to turn to this interesting material.
The Museum of Hunting and Fishing The world-famous German Museum of Hunting and Fishing in Munich, due to its rich collections of antlers of the deer family, might not have been such if the collection of Count von Arco-Zinneberg (1811 – 1885) did not serve as the basis for its collection material.
At the turn of the 19th century, for the first time among Bavarian foresters, ideas arose about creating a museum of hunting trophies in Munich. However, the spontaneous enthusiasm for this remarkable work soon, unfortunately, faded.
A decade later, an order came from Berlin, which, however, was also unsuccessful, to establish an imperial museum of hunting trophies. This desire was probably caused by the first International Exhibition of hunting trophies, held in Vienna in 1910, which was a huge success. We can be sure that the idea of creating a central institution would not have been realized until today if the case had not indicated the way to it. Namely, in 1933 in Munich, the world famous collection of deer horns of Count Arco was offered for sale, and it is not surprising that a foreign buyer quickly suggested to take her to the Netherlands.
At the last moment, all the same, the Bavarian authorities managed to redeem this unique collection of hunting trophies, thereby laying the foundation for this museum. The collection of the horns of Count Arco, housed in the former city palace on Wittelsbacherplatz in Munich, has long been known far beyond Germany. He began to collect it at the age of 23 in various feudal states, and thus a large number of large antlers and other animals, and, incidentally, including the Caucasian noble deer, appeared at the exhibition.
Some of the magnificent horns of the North American wapiti come from the count’s own plots. Franz von Cobell in his book Vildanger confirms this: “Count Arco-Zinneberg makes an attempt to settle something similar with us (meaning wapiti). There are already offspring from the three deer and two individuals of the females that he owns, and a suitable gorge in the mountains should receive proud animals and their descendants must breed ”.
Now it’s easy to understand that in the Arco collection there are some horns that most definitely turn out to be the horns of animals that were the result of a cross between wapiti and red deer. But after several unsuccessful experiments, these attempts were soon abandoned.
According to the concept of the hunting museum, only a selected part of the collection could be placed in it — it counted more than 2000 roe and chamois horns. First of all, the White Hall of the Augustinian Church, the basis of the hunting museum, required artistically and stylistically acceptable placement of horns. Therefore, it was decided to abandon the old naturalistic heads with bright green medallions and place trophies on stylized heads, which differed from other architectural design only in a light shade of color. Trophies, Roman Kaliev
Also, deer horns, which were placed on white walls without cartouches, perfectly fit the unique range of the largest trophies of the 19th century. Since the origin and place of extraction of the main part of the exhibits was known, this collection, in addition to aesthetic pleasure, was also of great scientific importance.
After acquiring Munich exhibits, the collection of trophies was replenished in the future through the acquisition of the Berchtesgaden collection of the count, for which the collector of Count Maximilian von Arco-Zinneberg is deservedly called the spiritual father of this museum.
In fact, only with the beginning of the Parfors hunt, which became fashionable in Germany during the time of Louis XIV, can we talk about a real trophy cult that appears to us in all its diversity in the hunting castles of the Baroque era in the form of countless diverse deer antlers – mainly fixed on carved in wood.